Culture in conservationadmin
Using Njengi annual dance to bridge the culture–nature gap. Njengi annual dance of Baka Indigenous Peoples epitomizes the culture–nature relationship that determines how their cultural values and norms frame relationships with the natural forest and create justifications and motivations for conservation. Following Baka forest zoning approach, Njengi forest is the core conservation area (ndandai-eciti), while the other forest spirits such as Kossé, Elimbo, Yeyi, Joboko, Dohdi, Ngaje dwell in the traditional buffer zone called parki-atiaciti. The outermost area called tinajoko is the common zone used by every Baka for hunting and gathering. This categorisation manifests the socially and culturally conditioned relationships between a people, Baka, and nature as their religious rules and rituals strengthen the relationship, their conservation ethics and compliance.