Climate change Complexities on Baka Pygmies and Mbororo Pastoralists.admin
Climate change matters to the future of our civilization because it is literally a life or death matter.In the past four decades, the dependency of the forest Baka pygmies of Djoum and the Mbororo pastoralist of Ngorin, has been depending on natural resources as their main source of livelihoods. These livelihoods nowadays are continuously being affected by the impacts of climate change in retarding social and inclusive development towards the self-determination. The human and natural factors as high temperatures and prolong drought every year, variability of the climate, low rains, erosion, drying streams and decreasing water points, and land biodiversity degradation. In some areas the human and natural factors have stress up the populations as flooding and storms, deforestation, unsustainable use of natural resources.
These factors has led to disappearance of biodiversity resources and the non-timber forest products which serves as the major source of livelihoods, food and pharmacopeia for the Baka Pygmies. Changes in climatic conditions have resulted to heavy rainfall and storms destroying the mongulus of the Baka Pygmies making them constantly vulnerable to poverty, diseases, hunger and famine. The livelihoods of the Baka pygmies remain unstable despite numerous efforts done, it still remain insufficient to be able to roll back the impacts of climate change on their livelihoods and well-being.
Nevertheless the Mbororo Pastoralists of Ngorin whose sole occupation is the rearing of cattle for their livelihoods still remains a preoccupying issue up to date. Rains are reducing, more cattle die of famine and thirst and some families are left without livestock.
The number of families without cattle are increasing on yearly bases (average head cattle per family in 1980 was 3000 and 200 in 2012, 40 in 2017, decreasing water points(eight (8 water points) in 1960 and two (2) presently exist thus increase in human labour particularly women and young girls who trek over long distances in search of water. More time and distances use for transhumance than before (from 0 distance to above 120km) at present during the dry season, more degraded land and less grazing land is available (almost 1000 hectares is affected). More deadly species of strange invasive plants (0 invasive plant in 1980 and six (6) since 2012, more strange human and cattle diseases have appeared. The main livelihood which is cattle rearing is disappearing and the graziers are turning into small scale farmers to safe their families from hunger and famine.join us on facebook